T H E S E C O N D S O C I A L I S T R E P U B L I C
'... H E H A D A V I S I O N O F A S U N N Y C I T Y ... '
Written by Gevork Nazaryan
In 1920, after a bloody civil war in Russia between the Reds [Bolsheviks] and the Whites [Mensheviks, Monarchists, and other 'reactionaries' and 'counterrevolutionaries'] , the Bolsheviks came out as the victorious force, thus retaining the power that was seized in the October Revolution of 1917. After the civil war in Russia, the Bolsheviks in line with the grandiose plan of the international proletariat revolution moved on the neighboring countries, particularly those that were part of the former Russian Empire. The Revolution was exported to Armenia as well. The First Republic was never able to overcome a number of critical issues -- most notably that of the Turkish threat. Mustapha Kemal "Atatürk" by September of 1920 had amassed a huge Turkish army to the west of Arax River - an overwhelming force against the Armenian Republic in a very difficult period of its history made up of Genocide survivors stricken with famine and disease. The Turks by this period had seized the province of Kars [part of Eastern Armenia, formerly within Russian Empire -- the Kars-Ardahan province includes some of the most important monuments and symbols of the Armenian Civilization of global significance -- including the historic ruins of the great city of Ani -- and -- the Holy of Holies - the Sacred Symbol of Armenia - the Twin Peaked Azat Masis-Ararat].
REPATRIATION POSTER OF THE ARMENIAN GENERAL BENEVOLENT UNION [AGBU]
CA. 1946. THE SMALL REMNANT OF THE VERY CRADLE OF CIVILIZATION WAS
TO BECOME THE NUCLEUS FOR THE GREAT WORK OF RENEWAL AND
REGENERATION OF ALWAYS ANCIENT AND ALWAYS NEW...LAND OF ARARAT.
The Government of the First Republic, after not receiving the promised help from the Allies, had no choice but to surrender the government to the Armenian Communists, who had the backing of the might of Soviet Russia [the alternative was the unthinkable -- Turkish occupation and most probably the end of the Armenian people]. On November 29, 1920, the XIth Red Army entered Armenia and by December 2, was in control of most of Eastern Armenia, including the Capital.
THE COAT OF ARMS OF THE SECOND SOCIALIST
THE BLAZING RED STAR RISING IN THE EAST... OVER THE TWIN-PEAK
COSMIC MOUNTAIN...ARARAT... THE VERY SYMBOL OF CREATION
AND REBIRTH IN THE PARADISE/GARDEN OF EDEN/CRADLE OF CIVILIZATION.
ONCE A TURKISH REPRESENTATIVE HAD THE GULL
SUCCESSOR OF THE NOMADIC INVADERS FROM THE FAR DISTANT ALTAI HAD
NO PROBLEM IN CONJURING SUCH QUESTION TO THE NATIVE SONS AND DAUGHTERS
OF THEIR SACRED HIGHLAND...] TO COMPLAIN TO THE
SOVIET PREMIER NIKITA KHRUSHCHEV ABOUT THE COAT OF ARMS
AND WHY ARMENIANS INCLUDED THEIR HOLIEST OF HOLIES ON THE
ARMENIAN COAT OF ARMS. WITHOUT GIVING A SECOND THOUGHT NIKITA
SERGEYEVICH IMMEDIATELY REPLIED AS TO WHY THE TURKS
HAVE THE CRESCENT - THE SYMBOL OF THE MOON THAT
BELONGS TO ALL OF THE UNIVERSE AND MANKIND -
ON THEIRS AND THUS TURKISH DIPLOMAT ENDED THE
CONVERSATION WITHOUT A REPLY.
THE RED-BLUE-RED FLAG OF THE ARMENIAN SOVIET
[APPROVED ON DECEMBER 17, 1952.
THE BLUE LINE HORIZONTALLY DIVIDES THE TWO RED LINES ABOVE AND BELOW.
THE HAMMER AND SICKLE REPRESENTED THE WORKERS AND PEASANTS
RESPECTIVELY. THE HAMMER WAS ALWAYS SUPERIMPOSED UPON THE SICKLE,
CONNOTING THE PRIMACY GIVEN TO THE MUNICIPAL WORKERS WHO WERE
DESTINED TO FORGE TECHNOLOGY AND ULTIMATELY HIGH TECHNOLOGY .
THE FIVE POINTED RED STAR OUTLINED IN GOLD STOOD FOR THE HUMAN
BEING [AS THE STAR AT THE CENTER OF THE UNIVERSE] AND HIS/HER
ABILITY TO TRANSCEND TO EVER GREATER HEIGHTS OF
CONSCIOUSNESS THROUGH THE POWER OF MIND AND REASON.
THE FLAG WITH THE RED-BLUE-RED LOOSELY REMINDED OF THE
TRICOLOR OF THE FIRST [AND THIRD] REPUBLIC - WITH THE DEEPER RED HUE
- INSTEAD OF THE ORANGE - AT THE BOTTOM, WHILE THE [LIGHTER] BLUE
LINE IN THE MIDDLE IS THINNER.
FROM DECEMBER OF 1920 TO 1937 ARMENIA USED A
RED BANNER WITH GOLDEN
HAMMER AND SICKLE AND THE INITIALS - A. S. S. R. - INITIALLY IN CYRILLIC [C. P. A. A.],
AND FROM 1937 [TO DECEMBER OF 1952] IN ARMENIAN - H.X.S.H. [HAYASTANI
χORHRDAYIN SOC‘IALISTAKAN HANRAPETUT‘YUN] AT THE TOP
RIGHT CORNER OF THE FLAG.
FROM THE FIRST SERIES OF THE STAMPS ISSUED BY THE REPUBLIC
OF SOCIALIST SOVIET ARMENIA IN 1921 DEPICTING A MYTHOLOGICAL
RAM-HEADED BIRD [HURI PERI OR FIRE BIRD] FROM THE BREATHTAKING HISTORIC
RELIEFS OF THE CHURCH OF THE HOLY CROSS [ERECTED BY KING GAGIK I ARTSRUNI
OF THE KINGDOM OF VASPURAKAN BETWEEN 914-923] ON THE ISLAND OF
AŁT‘AMAR ON LAKE VAN. THE WRITING IS IN OLD [CLASSICAL] ORTHOGRAPHY
WHICH WAS MODIFIED IN LATE 1922. INFLATION WAS RAMPANT DURING THIS PERIOD...
THE STAMP PRICE - 20,000 RUBLES...
OBVERSE OF THE 25,000 RUBLE BANKNOTE  ISSUED BY THE A S S R.
ANOTHER STAMP FROM 1922. THE BLACKSMITH WITH HIS IRON
HAMMER FORGES A SICKLE FLANKED BY THE PEASANT HOLDING A
SCYTHE. THE BLAZING STAR RISES ABOVE THE SACRED
TWIN MOUNTAINS. THE TWIN PILLARS ARE CAPPED BY MYTHOLOGICAL
HEADS [A PREVALENT MOTIF IN ARMENIAN MEDIEVAL
MANUSCRIPT ILLUMINATION] WHICH UPHOLD THE ARCH.
THE INITIALS Ho. Se. [LEFT PILLAR] AND Ho. χa [RIGHT PILLAR].
INSCRIPTION AT THE BOTTOM READS: WORKERS OF THE WORLD, UNITE!
PRICE - 5,000 RUBLES.
ANOTHER STAMP FROM 1922 WITH THE [RIGHTFULLY]
THEME OF THE HOLY MOUNTAIN WITH THE STAR RISING OVER THE
TWIN PEAKS - RINGED IN A HALLOW WITH THE INITIALS
HoSe XaHo.WITH THE MOTTO OF THE SOCIALIST REPUBLIC
WORKERS OF THE WORLD, UNITE! ABOVE. PRICE - 300 RUBLES.
THE SILVER STAR MEDAL WAS INSTITUTED BY THE ARMENIAN REPUBLIC
IN 1921. MADE OUT OF PURE SILVER AND EMBELLISHED WITH RED AND BLUE
ENAMEL. IN THE CENTER MOUNT ARARAT WITH THE RISING SUN, THE HAMMER AND
SICKLE AND THE LAUREL REEF. THE INITIALS OF THE A. S. S. R. IN ARMENIAN
AND THE MOTTO OF THE REPUBLIC WITHIN THE CIRCLE, WITH ARMENIAN
DECORATIVE MOTIFS ON FIVE WINGS OF THE STAR.
ARMENIAN MEDALS OF HONOR AWARDED BETWEEN 1921-33.
[L] ORDER OF RED BANNER FOR DISTINCTION IN LABOR.
[INSTITUTED IN 1921].
[C] ORDER OF RED BANNER FOR DISTINCTION IN LABOR.
[INSTITUTED IN 1923]
[R] ORDER OF RED BANNER FOR DISTINCTION IN LABOR.
[INSTITUTED IN 1923 - SECOND VERSION]
STAMP COMMEMORATING THE 50TH ANNIVERSARY OF THE
OCTOBER REVOLUTION WITH THE SEAL AND THE FLAG
OF THE ARMENIAN REPUBLIC.
POSTER -- REVIVAL OF ARMENIA -- COMMUNITY BUILDING.
The Republic of Socialist Soviet Armenia or Hayastani Soc‛ialistakan [[Ĕnkervarakan]] Xorhrdayin Hanrapetut‛iwn [in 1936 renamed -- The Armenian Soviet Socialist Republic -- ASSR -- commonly known as Soviet Armenia] was proclaimed by the underground Communist Party of Armenia [CPA] on -- November 29, 1920 -- after the Red Army had the upper hand throughout most of Eastern Armenia. On March 12, 1922, the Republic of Soviet Socialist Armenia, became part of the Federative Union of Soviet Socialist Republics of Transcaucasia -- or the Transcaucasian SFSR [somewhat based on the previous short lived Transcaucasian Republic], which became a founding component of the Soviet Union on December 30, 1922.
THE GREAT VISIONARY GRAND ARCHITECT OF THE CAPITAL
A L E X A N D E R I. T‛ A M A N I A N
BLUEPRINT OF THE GOVERNMENT HOUSE MADE BY THE GRAND ARCHITECT IN THE '20s
The Armenian Republic remained part of the Transcaucasian SSR until December 5, 1936 -- when after the adoption of the new USSR constitution the Transcaucasian union as a geopolitical unit was dissolved and once again the Armenian SSR [one of 16 [[later 15]] constituent republics of the USSR] became a separate political entity.
THE GENERAL PLAN OF YEREVAN [1924-32] BY THE
GRAND ARCHITECT OF THE CAPITAL ALEXANDER I. T‛AMANIAN
THE 1926 PROTOTYPE OF THE GOVERNMENT HOUSE IN THE REPUBLIC SQUARE
B Y T H E G R A N D A R C H I T E C T O F T H E C I T Y
LIKE THE TEMPLE OF MAN IN LUXOR... THE NEW LAYOUT OF YEREVAN AS
DESIGNED BY THE BRILLIANT ARCHITECTS HEADED BY TAMANIAN IS
THAT OF A LIVING ORGANISM...ORGANIC TOTALITY PROPORTIONATE TO THE
ANATOMY OF THE HUMAN BODY [MICROCOSM].
THROUGH THE INTENDED HARMONY THE LIVING CITIZEN OF THE CAPITAL
[MACROCOSM] WOULD UNITE THROUGH THE INTERWOVEN COSMIC FLOW OF LIFE
AND ENERGY OF THE CITY LIFE INTO SOMETHING GREATER THAN HIS
SMALL SELF INTO THAT OF GREATER HIGHER SELF THROUGH HARMONY
AND WHOLENESS OF THE COMMUNITY.
INSIDE THE HALLS OF THE MATENADARAN... THE HOUSE OF ANCIENT MANUSCRIPTS
THAT PRESERVES THOUSANDS OF MILLENNIA OLD BOOKS THAT CONTAIN THE
ACCUMULATED KNOWLEDGE AND WISDOM OF THE ANCESTORS WAS BEGAN IN
THE 1940s BASED ON REVIVED BLUEPRINTS OF CLASSICAL ARMENIAN ARCHITECTURE
AND WAS COMPLETED IN 1950s. ONE OF THE BEAUTIFUL
MURALS THAT ADORE MUSEUM-RESEARCH INSTITUTE NAMED AFTER
IMMORTAL MESROP MASHTOTS.
INSIDE THE OPERA HOUSE.
DURING A PERFORMANCE OF CLASSICAL MUSIC IN THE CHAMBER
OF THE KOMITAS MUSIC CONSERVATORY.
The Second Socialist Republic had a history of 70 years -- with its ups and downs, positive and negative aspects. Although, the early period of the 1920s and 1930s was a very difficult time, marred with purges by Stalin's henchmen, when millions of innocent Soviet citizens were killed in gulags, including tens of thousands of Armenians nevertheless, after the Stalinist era, the Armenians gradually began to rebuild and heal from the still very much open wounds of the Genocide.
T H E G R E A T A R C H I T E C T S O F T H E N E W C A P I T A L. E A R L Y 1950s
The post-Stalinist period, was to a great degree a relatively good era of stability and progress. The Republic, forming only a small fraction of historic Armenia, with the hard work and ingenious minds of her people began to rebuild the land, in an era of rapid industrialization. The country underwent a radical transformation, rapidly changing from a rural agricultural backward country to a progressive high tech civilization of the workers state. The Capital quickly grew and expanded to the suburban areas. Tall buildings, wide streets and avenues replaced the shacks and narrow streets of old Ērevan.
THE HOUSE OF BOOKS. 1936. DESIGN BY ARCHITECTS N. MARKARYAN AND M. MAZMANYAN
The Armenian Civilization was fully blossoming and experiencing an unprecedented Renaissance. A very talented people, for centuries under foreign tyranny -- living in almost constant fear and uncertainty -- were for most part in a state of arrested development -- now they had a chance to build a new socialist society. New cultural and scientific establishments were found including -- new universities, institutes, the Academy of Sciences, The Matendaran -The Depository and Research Institute for the Preservation and Study of Ancient Manuscripts, theaters, museums, TV, Radio Stations, new publishing houses and numerous periodicals, and other important advances in the areas of socio-economic and political spheres were made during the 1950s, 1960s and 1970s [this decade arguably marking the zenith of Soviet Armenia].
GENERAL PLAN OF THE NORASHEN DISTRICT OF THE CAPITAL
THREE FRIENDS HAVING AN ARMENIAN TOAST BEFORE THE STORM...THREE FRIENDS
WHO HAPPENED TO BE AMONGST THE GREATEST CULTURAL MINDS OF THE ERA.
FROM LEFT TO RIGHT. MAZMANIAN [ARCHITECT], SARIAN [ARTIST], CHARENTS [POET]
...CHARENTS WOULD BE ONE OF THE COUNTLESS COMPLETELY INNOCENT VICTIMS
SACRIFICED ON THE ALTAR OF THE PERSONALITY CULT AND DEMAGOGY IN THE 1930s...
AXEL BAKUNTS... THE RENOWNED AND BY NOW LEGENDARY WRITER
AND A GENUINE PATRIOT. ONE OF THE MANY GREAT SONS OF SYUNIK WHO ALSO
WAS AMONGST THE COUNTLESS THOUSANDS OF MARTYRS OF THE PERSONALITY
CULT, ARRESTED AND EVENTUALLY EXECUTED WHEN LEADING MEMBERS OF
THE INTELLIGENTSIA WERE TARGETED DURING THE PURGE OF 1937.
ONE OF YAKOB KOJOYAN'S 1933 ILLUSTRATIONS [BUILDERS OF THE FUTURE]
TO CHARENTS'S BOOK OF THE PATH. ON DISPLAY IN THE NATIONAL
GALLERY OF ARMENIA IN YEREVAN'S REPUBLIC SQUARE.
RENOWNED POET NAIRI ZARYAN.
THE VICTORY OF THE BUILDERS OF SEVAN HYDROELECTRIC STATION.
H. ZARDAREAN. 1947.
SPRING. H. ZARDAREAN. 1956.
SUMMER. M. ABEŁEAN. 1959.
ON THE SHORE OF LAKE SEVAN. BY THE GREAT G. KHANJIAN. 1956.
FISHING-BOAT. G. KHANJIAN. 1955.
1969 USSR STAMP [CAP. GLORY TO SOVIET AVIOCONSTRUCTORS! ISSUED IN
COMMEMORATION OF THE GREAT INVENTOR OF THE LEGENDARY MiG FIGHTER
PLANES BY THE MIKOYAN DESIGN BUREAU HEADED BY A SANAHIN NATIVE [HOME
TO ONE OF ARMENIA'S RENOWNED MONASTERIES AND BABY BROTHER OF
NO OTHER THAN ANASTAS MIKOYAN...MINISTER OF TRADE AND LATER
CHAIRMAN OF THE PRESIDIUM OF SUPREME SOVIETS] ARTEM [ANUSHAVAN]
MIKOYAN [1905-1970] AND MIKHAIL GUREVICH [1892-1976] --
HENCE THE ABBREV. MIKOYAN-GUREVICH.
STATUE OF THE NATIONAL HERO ON THE CHERISHED STEED WITH THE FLAMING
LIGHTNING SWORD BY THE OUTSTANDING SCULPTOR ERVAND KOCHAR
OF THE DAREDEVILS OF SASUN ERECTED IN 1959 FROM THE CLAY
PROTOTYPE MODEL MADE IN THE 1940s IN FRONT OF THE CENTRAL TRAIN STATION.
[SEE NEXT PAGE FOR DETAILED EXPLANATION
AND MEANING BEHIND MASTER'S MAGNUM OPUS]
THE INITIAL SEAL OF M A T E N A D A R A N
THE DEPOSITORY INSTITUTE OF ANCIENT
MANUSCRIPTS NAMED AFTER ST. MESROP MASHTOTS.
ARIAL VIEW OF THE NEW BUILDING [1950-60] YSU COMPLEX BY ARCHITECT
E. TIGRANYAN NEXT TO THE MEDICAL UNIVERSITY IN THE
'STUDENT CITY' [THAT INCLUDES MANY PUBLIC AND PRIVATE COLLEGES AND
UNIVERSITIES OF HIGHER EDUCATION] SECTION OF THE CAPITAL.
CLASSIC SEAL OF THE PUBLISHING HOUSE OF
THE YEREVAN STATE UNIVERSITY [YSU].
THE DIAMOND/RHOMBUS OF PERFECTED SPIRIT/MIND
OVER AN OPEN BOOK WITH THE BLAZING SUN
RISING IN THE EAST OVER THE MOUNTAINS
1931 COVER DESIGN FOR THE EXHIBITION CATALOGUE THE FINE
ARTS OF ARMENIA: 11 YEARS. T. KHACHVANKYAN.
THREE SILHOUETTES [WOMAN BETWEEN TWO MEN] ARE
AS SUCH THAT THEY CAN BE GAZING INTO THE VIEWER
OR WITH THEIR BACKS TURNED...WITH THE UPRAISED ARM
[LEFT OR... RIGHT] GIVING FROM MOTHER EARTH [MAYR...MARA...
MAR...WATER-VISHAP] TO THE FATHER SUN [HAYR...HUR...FIRE-
DIVINE SPARK] HAND MUDRA OF REJUVENATION.
MOTHER ARMENIA BY MHER ABEŁEAN AS THE GODDESS OF FERTILITY AND LIFE
SUN-KISSED BRONZE GODDESS OR AREVAHAM AS LUMINARY CHARENTS WOULD SAY
IN WHITE....FOUR FINGERS OF THE LEFT HAND REACH INTO
THE KARAS [SYMB. OF THE SACRED VESSEL]
WITH A PROUD AND STERN GAZE...ARARAT VALLEY [FAMED FOR THE OUTSTANDING
VINEYARDS] AND THE SACRED TWIN PEAK MOUNTAIN IN THE BACKGROUND.
FOLKISH TRENDS CONTINUED WELL INTO THE 1970s. 1965 SAW THE STUDENT
MOVEMENTS DEDICATED TO THE 50TH ANNIVERSARY OF THE ARMENIAN GENOCIDE
IN WHICH THOUSANDS OF STUDENTS PROTESTED THE ONGOING DENIAL OF
THE ARMENIAN GENOCIDE...MY FATHER AS A MEDICAL STUDENT WAS
ONE OF THE PROTESTORS WHO PROTESTED VIRTUALLY DAY AND NIGHT
THROUGHOUT APRIL OF '65. EVENTUALLY A COMPROMISE WAS REACHED
UNDER WHICH THE GENOCIDE MEMORIAL WOULD BE ERECTED
[COMPLETED AND CEREMONIALLY OPENED ON NOVEMBER 29, 1967...]
POPPIES. Y. KOJOEAN. 1953.
Stalin rewarded the loyalty of Armenians with a number of important programs, including allowing repatriation of some Genocide survivors from the Diaspora into the Armenian Republic. Unfortunately, the Stalinist purges of the late 1940s once again took the lives of many Armenians, including numerous repatriates. My eldest uncle [of five brothers] Andranik -- from my Father's side -- was falsely accused of being a "class enemy" -- since the Nazaryans have been a generational family of fine master goldsmiths and thus viewed not part of "the proletariat masses" -- quite to the contrary -- his family Knowingly left the relatively secure and comfortable "petty bourgeois" life in Aleppo for the challenge of working towards and creating the NEW ARMENIA -- expecting numerous hardship and struggles ahead [however not counting on being imprisoned or unfortunately for some repats executed].
FLOOR PLAN OF THE OPERA HOUSE 
BY THE GREAT A.I. T‛AMANIAN. THE DESIGN
WON THE GRAND PRIX IN PARIS' ARCHITECTURAL EXHIBITION
REVIVAL OF CLASSICAL ARMENIAN ARCHITECTURE.
HARMONIOUS TRACE. REMOTE VIEW OF THE MATRIX GRID.
A. A. CHILINGARIAN. 1949 PORTRAIT OF THE VIRTUOSO
VIOLINIST AVET GABRIELIAN.
THE GREAT MAESTRO. THE INTERNATIONALLY RENOWNED
AND BELOVED COMPOSER ARAM KHATCHATURIAN. THE SOCIALIST REPUBLIC
PRIDED ITSELF ON PROGRESSIVE VALUES, ENCOURAGING AND SUPPORTING
ARTS AND HIGH CULTURE WHICH INDEED REACHED UNPRECEDENTED
HEIGHTS DURING THIS ERA. NATIONAL CULTURAL VALUES
WERE CREATED AND A REVIVAL OF TRADITIONAL
MILLENNIA OLD HERITAGE WAS REVIVED IN ARTS,
SCIENCE, ARCHITECTURE, MUSIC, SPORTS ON AND ON.
THE PEOPLE'S ARTIST OF THE USSR - MARTIROS SARIAN. 1956 PORTRAIT
BY PAVEL KORIN. ON DISPLAY IN THE STATE TRETYAKOV GALLERY.
XNOC‛I BY MINAS AVETISEAN. 1964.
MID 1960s IN THE ARTS SAW THE RISE OF STRONG ARMENIC FOLKISH
TRENDS...PROGRESS AND WORSHIP OF INDUSTRIALIZATION SURRENDERED
ITS SUPREMACY TO THE EMPHASIS OF TRADITIONS AND IDEALIZATION OF
ANCESTRAL COMMUNAL LIVING, NATURALNESS AND PURITY OF VILLAGE LIFE.
IN THAT SAME YEAR, IN 1964 THE INTERNATIONALLY RENOWNED ARMENIAN
CINEMATOGRAPHER SARKIS [SERGEI] PARAJANOFF IN UKRAINE
MADE 'THE SHADOWS OF THE ANCESTORS' FOLLOWED BY IN 1969 ARGUABLY
HIS MOST ACCLAIMED WORK THE COLOR OF POMEGRANATES ABOUT THE
LIFE OF THE GREAT XVIIITH CENTURY ARMENIAN ROMANTIC
TROUBADOUR BARD OF HEARTBREAKING LOVE SAYAT NOVA.
THAT SAME YEAR, HENRIK MALIAN MADE ANOTHER
ARMENFILM CLASSIC WE ARE OUR MOUNTAINS...
THAT WOULD BECOME A STAPLE REPRESENTATION OF
THE ARMENIAN FARMER...HARD WORK, DEDICATION TO A NOBLE CAUSE,
TRUTHFULNESS, SINCERITY AND OPENNESS.
CORN CROPS IN THE MOUNTAINS. BY THE MASTER G. KHANJIAN.1972. STUDY
DETAIL FROM CORN CROPS IN THE MOUNTAINS...ARMENIAN GIRL DRAPED IN
WHITE WITH LAVASH... THE SACRED ARMENIAN BREAD...SYMB. OF
THE GODDESS AND THE ETERNAL FEMININE PRINCIPLE.
CORN-SELLING WOMAN...JANSEM. 1972. ONE OF THE ARMENIAN PARISIAN PAINTERS
OF THE FRENCH-ARMENIAN SCHOOL. GARZOU [GARNIK ZOULOUMIAN] PERHAPS
BEING THE MOST PROMINENT.
MOTHERHOOD. JANSEM. 1978.
His works include the most beautiful decorations, rings, penchants and earrings of delicate craftsmanship that have found their way into many private collections -- in 1949 he was thrown in a Stalinist gulag, only to be released years later, after Stalin's death, and as with so many falsely imprisoned -- "rehabilitated" and proved completely innocent. Most repatriates like my Father's family were High Idealists and genuinely believed in the Idea of ARMENIA REBORN.
T H E M E D I C A L I N S T I T U T E O F Y E R E V A N 
INITIAL SEAL OF THE PRESTIGIOUS ACADEMIA --
THE NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES -- THE ACADEMY
MADE A SIGNIFICANT CONTRIBUTION TO THE
ADVANCEMENT OF UNIVERSAL KNOWLEDGE IN ALL
DISCIPLINES AND SCIENCES.
MAIN BUILDING OF THE PRESIDIUM OF THE NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES
ON BAGHRAMIAN AVENUE [LINED UP ALONG WITH THE TAMANIAN-ESQUE
BEAUTIFUL BUILDINGS BUILT ON REVIVED TRADITIONAL ANCIENT ARMENIAN
ARCHITECTURE -- THE HOUSE OF THE NATIONAL ASSEMBLY,
ADMINISTRATION BUILDING OF THE PRESIDENT, THE HOUSE OF THE OPERA...]
THE COVER OF ONE OF THE VOLUMES OF THE ARMENIAN SOVIET
ENCYCLOPEDIA. 13 VOLUMES [12+1 EXTENSIVE SOVIET ARMENIA VOL.].
FIRST VOLUME BEG. WITH LETTER AYB PUB. IN 1974 AND THE LAST 13TH
'SOVETAKAN HAYASTAN' PUB. IN 1987. BY A TEAM OF EMINENT ACADEMICIANS FROM
THE NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES PUBLISHED COUNTLESS INVALUABLE
ENCYCLOPEDIC VOLUMES AND WORKS FROM A VAST ARRAY OF
DISCIPLINES AND SCIENCES AS PART OF A MASSIVE ACADEMIC UNDERTAKING.
HO. SE. HO. [INITIALS OF ARMENIAN SOVIET ENCYCLOPEDIA NUM.
70+2000+70=2140=2+1+4+0=7...THE U-ESQUE LETTER 'SE' IN CENTER/HEART
SYMB. STANDS FOR THE DUALITY IN UNITY...SING. STEM WITH TWO HORNS] UNITE
TO FORM A GOLDEN TRIANGLE UPON A GREEN FIELD
WITH EMBOSSED SYMBOL OF [GREEN] PLANET EARTH [AXIS IN MOTION]
WITH THE FLAME OF WISDOM BURNING BRIGHT.
UNDER PEACEFUL SKIES. S. M. MURADEAN. 1972.
YEREVAN PAVILION FOR THE ANNUAL AGRICULTURAL EXPOSITION FARE
Their unparallel input of making the Republic blossom -- contrary to all natural and artificial obstacles that they faced and overcame -- was fundamental in building the New Armenian State and the modern progressive humanist civilization of the Republic.
T H E S P A C E A G E . . .
WITH THE LAUNCHING OF THE SPUTNIK --
THE FIRST MAN MADE SATELLITE -- INTO COSMOS ON OCTOBER 4, 1957
[THE ABOVE 1958 POSTER PROMOTES ONE OF THE SUCCEEDING LAUNCHES]
THE SOVIET UNION USHERED IN --THE SPACE AGE --
ON APRIL 12, 1961, THE SOVIET COSMONAUT -- YURI GAGARIN -- BECAME
THE FIRST MAN TO ENTER THE COSMIC ORBIT
-- THUS BEGAN A NEW ERA IN HUMAN HISTORY
The Armenian people have indeed been reborn out of the ashes of the first genocide of the twentieth century. They still to this very day live with the pain of an unhealed wound. The Genocide of their ancestors is still shamelessly denied by the Turkish government. The international community, including the United Nations and the European Union have strongly condemned the ongoing genocide denial calling the Turkish government to come clean with its bloody past and join the community of civilized nations.
T H E P A L A C E O F Y O U T H
After the acceptance and apology, the Armenian people will forgive -- because that was, is and will be collectively the true nature and Essence of the Armenian Spirit -- striving for everything that is beautiful, noble and just. But the Armenian people will never forget the horror -- for no nation and no people on planet Earth must ever undergo something so monstrous that is -- genocide -- the most gravest crime against all of humanity. The Genocide Memorial to the innocent victims stands on Tsitsernakaberd Hill, in Capital Yerevan -- a solemn symbol of 1,500,000 martyrs. Right next to the Memorial is the Cultural Center Complex. Its design is like a reborn winged Phoenix -- Rising out of its own ashes of death as an eternal flame of Life and Immortality. The Cosmic Wheel never stops.